Glossary

Here you can find most of the terms of this website and the links to them

A

Alternative Label

Alternative labels which are typically synonyms, near synonyms, alternate spellings, abbreviations, acronyms, etc. of preferred labels can have 0, 1

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API

Application programming interface (API) is an interface implemented by a software program which enables it to interact with other software. It

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Auto Classification

Auto classification is the process of automatically adding metadata ("tags") to an item (a document, article, picture, etc.) to provide a description

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Automatic Metadata Tagging

The process of applying Terms or “tags” from a controlled vocabulary (often in the form of a taxonomy) to an item of content is known as

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Auto Suggest

Semaphore "reads" a page of content and automatically suggests appropriate terms from the client’s taxonomy that can be applied to the metadata. 

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B

Big Data

Big data is a broad term for data sets that are too large or complex for traditional data processing methods/applications. Big Data spans three

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Big Data Analytics

Big Data analytics is the process of examining large data sets containing a variety of data types to reveal patterns, market trends, product

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Broader Concept

Broader concepts are concepts that are immediate parents of another concept within a hierarchical relationship. For example, in the animal kingdom

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Business Classification Scheme

Classification, in relation to the Business Classification Scheme (BCS) is the systematic identification and arrangement of business activities

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Business Information Portal

A Business Information Portal is a web portal application that consolidates business information into a single application for a specific purpose.The

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Business Information Systems

Business Information Systems (BIS) contains the technology that drives business. It also relates to the processes, data and the people that use these

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Business Intelligence

Business Intelligence is a technology-driven process for analyzing data and presenting actionable information to help corporate executives, business

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C

Categorization

Categorization is similar to classification in that it is a process that seeks to describe an item by reference to a formal controlled vocabulary

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Categorization Management

Categorization management involves assigning an agreed category label (typically sourced from a Business Classification Scheme or a File Plan) to an

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Classification

Classification is the process of adding metadata ("tags") to an item (a document, article, picture, etc.) to provide a description of that item

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Classification Management

Classification management involves assigning agreed labels from a taxonomy or ontology to aid subsequent information retrieval. The item can be

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Classification Model

A formal model for sharing knowledge, a classification model is concerned with defining topics and placing them in context of a class, with

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Cloud Computing

Cloud computing also known as on-demand computing, is a kind of internet-based computing, where shared resources and information are provided to

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Concept

Concepts are the units of thought such as ideas, meanings, or (categories of) objects and events which underlie many knowledge organization systems.

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Content Analytics

Content analytics is the act of applying business intelligence (BI) and business analytics (BA) practices to digital content. Organizations use

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Content Classification

Content classification is the process of analyzing a document and adding metadata 'tags' that describe that document which are sourced from a

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Content Classification Routines

Content classification routines are the methods used to classify content. Classification routines include:

  • Keywords - a set of related search
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Content Compliance

Content Compliance implies a standard or set of legislation for which content is governed. This can be related to its structure – such as compliance

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Content Intelligence

Content Intelligence is the combination of semantic technology and information science that allows machines to model, interpret, describe, analyze...

Content Surfacing

Content Surfacing is a way of presenting or previewing content typically embedded in links contained in Tweets, RSS feeds, Facebook and other content

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Contextual Searching

Contextual searching refers to proactively capturing the information needs of a user by automatically augmenting the user query with information

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Controlled Vocabularies

Controlled vocabularies are carefully selected lists of words and phrases, which are used to tag documents or content to improve search and retrieval

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D

Distributed Processing

Distributed processing is a phrase used to refer to a variety of computer systems that use more than one computer (or processor) to run an

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Document Management

The management and control of documents with emphasis on their dynamic and transactional nature including indexing and retrieval, revision and

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Documentum Search

The search engine running against the Documentum Enterprise Content Management software. Documentum Search Services in its current release uses the

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Dynamic Navigation

Dynamic navigation allows a navigation menu to update automatically, based on the state of a website's content. A website is often structured using a

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E

Enterprise Content Management

Enterprise Content Management (ECM) is the strategies, methods and tools used to capture, manage, store, preserve, and deliver content and documents

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Enterprise Document Management

Enterprise Document Management (EDM) is a sub-set of Enterprise Content Management. The focus of these technologies is the scanning or uploading,

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Enterprise Search

Enterprise search is the practice of making content from multiple sources, such as databases and intranets, searchable to a defined audience.

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Enterprise Semantic Platform

An enterprise semantic platform is comprised of:

  • Enterprise – connects with any application within the enterprise via published and documents
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Entity Extraction

Entity extraction is the natural language processing and algorithmic detection of different entity types within a piece of text (people names, city

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Entity Identifier Mapping

Entity Identifier Mapping is the process of defining how the same entities with different values relate to each other.  For example, “Orange” <is

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Entity Normalization

The process of tagging content with entities (names, places, etc) created from automatic entity extraction routines or manually added (for example

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F

Faceted Classification System

A faceted classification system is a classification scheme, which is used to organize knowledge into a systematic order. Faceted classification

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Faceted Search

Faceted search is a technique for accessing information organized using a faceted classification system, which allows users to explore a collection

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FAST Search

The FAST ESP Enterprise Search software created by Fast Search & Transfer ASA (acquired by Microsoft in January 2008), is now provided as “FAST

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Federated Search

Federated search is the simultaneous search of multiple online databases or web resources (including other search engines). From a single interface,

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Findability

Findability is a term used to describe the ease with which you can search for and find information. Although not exclusive to the World Wide Web it

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G

Google Search Appliance

The Google Search Appliance (GSA) is the Google search software installed on a rack-mounted server that can be rapidly plugged into a data center to

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H

Hierarchical Faceted Search

Hierarchical faceted search describes a system of accessing information about a collection of objects, classes or subjects. Content is organized into

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HIPAA

HIPAA is the acronym for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act that was passed by Congress in 1996. HIPAA was enacted by the United

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I

Indexing Solutions

Indexing content is synonymous with classification – applying one or more terms from a formal indexing structure (taxonomy, ontology, controlled

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Information Professional

An information professional deals with the management and organization of information and its distribution to information consumers. Job titles may

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Information Retrieval

Information retrieval (IR) is the science of searching for documents, for information within documents, and for metadata about documents, in

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K

Knowledge Management

Knowledge Management (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used in an organization to identify, create, represent, distribute, and

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L

Linked Open Data

Linked Open Data describes a method of publishing structured data so that it can be interlinked and become more useful through semantic queries. It

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M

Metadata Standards

Metadata elements grouped into sets designed for a specific purpose, e.g., for a specific domain or a particular type of information resource, are

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Metadata Values

Metadata is often defined as “data about data”. It is structured information that describes, explains, locates, or otherwise makes it easier to

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N

Narrower Concept

A Narrower concepts are immediate children of other concepts, within a hierarchical relationship. Narrower concept are more specific than their

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Natural Language Processing

"Natural Language Processing (NLP) is both a modern computational technology and a method of investigating and evaluating claims about human

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O

Ontology

A formal model for sharing knowledge, an ontology is concerned with defining topics and placing them in context of a class, with properties and

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Ontology Editor Tool

The Semaphore Ontology Editor Tool is multi-user, web-based software application that supports the design, development, testing and maintenance of

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Ontology Software

Ontology software provides a user interface in which to develop an ontology, a logic layer that ensures the consistency and accuracy of the

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OWL Ontologies

The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is a family of knowledge representation languages for authoring ontologies for the semantic web. The definition

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P

Platform as a service (PaaS)

PaaS is a category of cloud computing services that provides a platform for customers to develop, run, and manage web applications without the

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Preferred Label

A preferred label is the official name for a concept. Each concept can have only one preferred label per language.

Read more

R

Related Concept

A relationship between two concepts within a model (taxonomy, ontology, controlled vocabulary, thesauri).  Models can be enriched using relationships

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Resource Definition Framework (RDF)

The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications designed as a metadata data model. It is used

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S

Search Accuracy

Search accuracy is an interesting topic that is completely subjective. The “right answer” for one person may differ radically for another person

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Self-service

Self-service is a term given to the retrieval of information by a user rather than having to contact a third-party to supply the same information. In

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Semantic Search

Semantic search seeks to improve search accuracy by understanding searcher intent and the contextual meaning of terms as they appear in the search

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Semantic Search Engine

A search engine that has been extended from providing core capabilities (indexing multiple sources, free-text retrieval, relevance ranking) to

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Semantic Software

Any software that adds additional context and meaning to the language used in an application to improve its use and accessibility to human readers

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Semantic Technologies

Semantic technologies have the capacity to extract meaning from unstructured information found within an enterprise and make it available for

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Semantic Wave

The mainstream adoption of semantic technologies as seen by the emergence of the Semantic Web initiative and the growing adoption of technologies

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Semantic Web

The Semantic Web is an extension of the Web through standards created by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The standards promote common data

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Semaphore Search

Semaphore search is the integration of the Semaphore Open Semantic Platform with enterprise search engines to deliver a robust, scalable semantic

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SharePoint Search

The Enterprise Search solution provided as part of Microsoft’s Enterprise Content Management solution SharePoint. The SharePoint (or Microsoft Office

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SharePoint Taxonomies

Microsoft use the word “taxonomy” in relation to SharePoint 2007 and SharePoint 2010 to describe SharePoint’s site map structure. Most Information

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Site Columns

A site column is a SharePoint term to describe a list column, or metadata field that can be shared across all libraries and lists in any Site in a

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SKOS

Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) “is an area of work developing specifications and standards to support the use of knowledge organization

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Smartlogic Semaphore LTD

Unstructured Data Experts
Semaphore is the bridge between human language and computers

Find value in content and empower business intelligence.

You

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Solr Search

Solr is the open source Enterprise Search Solution form the Apache Lucene project. Semaphore for Solr integrates the Semaphore Open Semantic Platform

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Structured Data

A type of data model that organizes data elements (name, address, city etc.) and standardizes how the data elements relate to one another (ie. type,

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Subject Identification

A structure such as a taxonomy or Business Classification Scheme used to identify the subject of an item.

Read more

T

Tagged Information Feeds

Information Feeds deliver content from specific domain in a structure way, for example market research from Reuters or news stories from the

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Taxonomic Scheme

“Taxonomy is the practice and science of classification. The word finds its roots in the Greek τάξις, taxis (meaning 'order' or 'arrangement') and

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Taxonomy

A taxonomy, or taxonomic scheme, is a particular classification ("the taxonomy of ...") of topics arranged in a hierarchical structure.   The topics

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Taxonomy Management

'Taxonomy' derives from Greek 'taxis' (meaning arrangement or division) and 'nomos' (meaning law). It describes the science of classification

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Taxonomy Software

Taxonomy software provides: a user interface in which to develop a taxonomy, a logic layer that ensures the consistency and accuracy of the

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Text Analytics

Text analytics describes a set of linguistic, statistical, and machine learning techniques that break a stream of text into meaningful words or

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Text Miner

Text Miner makes it easy to build a taxonomy or other classification model by finding the most frequent terms used in your content. Text Miner

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Text Mining

Text mining is the process of deriving high-quality information from text using patterns and trends such as statistical pattern learning. Text mining

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Thesaurus

A Thesaurus is a controlled vocabulary that groups words together to provide definition and meaning. In Information Science this is often a structure

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Topical Website Content

All websites attempt to make their content relevant, but making it topical requires the integration of current stories and articles. To do this

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Triple Store

A triple store or RDF store is a purpose-built database for the storage and retrieval of triples using semantic queries. A triple is a data entity

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U

Unstructured Data

Unstructured Data is the majority of an organization’s data which is not managed. Structured data is that which resides in relational or XML

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V

Variety

A defining property of Big Data which deals with the number and diverse nature of information in an organization. Information can be structured,

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Velocity

A defining property of Big Data which deals with the speed at which information is changing. Today organizations are dealing with large, rapidly

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Volume

A defining property of Big Data, which deals with the amount of data. In today’s marketplace the amount of data flowing into an organization is

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